In 1987, the Alabama Legislature passed a bill establishing the State Black Archives Research Center & Museum.
The Research Center opened in 1990. It is located in the historic James H. Wilson Building on the campus of Alabama A & M University
in Normal, Alabama, just outside Huntsville. The general goal is "to encourage greater awareness of the achievements and contributions of African Americans and the role they played in American society and the world, and to provide a better basis for understanding racial and cultural differences."
The Archive preserves and holds material on all Alabama African American history, provides research for scholars on African American history, and displays African American material to the general public in its museum.